What is Hypothyroidism?


According to Comprehensive Medical Weight Loss, Hypothyroidism, also known as under-active thyroid, is a health condition where the thyroid gland is not able to produce enough thyroid hormones in a person’s body. Hypothyroidism slows down metabolism in an individual’s body. If left untreated, hypothyroidism can lead to serious health issues such as heart failure and goiter. In general, hypothyroidism can be treated. It can be controlled by follow-up appointments with your doctor and by taking your prescribed medications.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

Many different things cause hypothyroidism in a person. One of these common causes is an autoimmune disorder known as Hashimoto’s disease. This disorder causes the body to attack the thyroid gland, which leads to the gland being unable to produce enough thyroid hormones. Another common cause is a health condition known as Graves’ disease, which causes the thyroid gland in a person’s body to produce excess thyroid hormones.

Radiation therapy, which is often used in treating cancer, can also damage the thyroid gland and lead to hypothyroidism. Hormonal imbalances, like excess prolactin, which is a hormone that stimulates milk production, or iodine deficiency, may also cause hypothyroidism. Taking certain medications like lithium and interferon can also cause hypothyroidism. Other symptoms can include:

  • Weight gain
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • Hoarse voice
  • Feeling depressed
  • Having constipation

In more severe cases, hypothyroidism can cause joint pain, goiter (an enlarged thyroid gland), and even heart failure. If you think you may be suffering from hypothyroidism, you need to see your doctor and get a blood test to confirm the diagnosis.

Hypothyroidism Treatment Options

There are a variety of options one can choose from to treat hypothyroidism. The ideal option for each person varies depending on the severity of the condition. More severe cases may require the usage of radioactive iodine or surgery to remove the thyroid gland.

In most cases, treating hypothyroidism will involve taking thyroid hormone replacement medication, which can be in the form of tablets, capsules, or liquid. In some cases, it may also be necessary to take other medication to help control symptoms like anxiety or depression. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional to find the best treatment option for you.

If you have any questions about any of the treatment options for hypothyroidism, feel free to contact us and book an appointment with a reliable medical practitioner. We will ensure to give you a proper diagnosis and find you an ideal treatment for hypothyroidism.